IWMP DPR

                                                

INDEX

 

CHAPTER                                                                              Page No

 

  1. Introduction                                ........................................ 3
  2. Project Profile                              ........................................ 9
  3. History of Project Villages &       ........................................ 13

Basic Information

  1. Participatory Rural Appraisal     ........................................ 20
  2. Problem Typology                       ........................................ 21
  3. Project Intervention Plan              ........................................ 24
  4. DPR Plan Abstract                       ........................................ 25
  5. Preparatory Phase                        ........................................ 26
  6. Work Plan Details                        ........................................ 27
  7. Consolidation and withdrawal Phase...................................... 29
  8. Capacity Building Institute Identified..................................... 30
  9. Institutional & Capacity Building Plan................................... 31
  10. Basic Profile of the Project Location...................................... 33
  11. Maps of the Project                           ........................................ 34
  12. Institutional Mechanism and Agreements............................... 38
  13. SWOT Analysis of PIA           ........................................ 39
  14. PIA & Watershed Committee Details..................................... 40
  15. Convergence Plans                  …….......................................... 42
  16. Expected Outcomes                          ........................................ 44
  17. Expected Estimate Outcomes  ........................................ 46
  18. Monitoring & Evaluation                  ........................................ 47
  19. Plan, Estimate & Drawing                ........................................ 48
  20. Micro-Watershed work Plan for one cluster

Area under IWMP                        ……………………........ 60

  1. Beneficiary card Sample                   ........................................ 61

 

(N) INTRODUCTION :

          Land is a critically important national resourse in which all human activity is based. Its efficient management is vital for economic growth and development of Rural Areas to harness the full potential of the available land resources and prevent its further degradation, development of rainfed area, degraded area is of great significance. Its management is complex and multi dimensional and its development requires scientific, holistic and innovative approach. Unprecedented population and cattle pressure and demands of society on scarce land, water and biological resources and the ever increasing degradation of these resources is affecting the stability and resilience of our ecosystem and the environment as a whole. The expansion of human setttlement and infrastructure, intensification of Agriculture, expansion of agriculture into marginal areas and fragile ecosystem emphasizes the need for integrated planning and management of resources.

            With ever increasing population, the needs of the people is also ever increasing. The population of Mizoram has now reached 10 lakhs resulting in increasing demand for commodities and lack of work for both the urban and rural population. Most of the rural population depends on shifting cultivation for their livelihood. Shifting Cultivation is practiced by clearing forest areas. The previous year’s jhumland is kept fallow for 5-6 year’s depending on the area available for cultivation for each village.

            Shifting Cultivation results in burning of large areas of forest including those that are not required for cultivation thereby destroying forest cover, there are fewer tress and shrubs to decrease the flow of water, hence only the top soil becomes wet leading to increased runoff speed of rain water resulting in low underground water table. Those natural springs we have that we so proudly say never runs dry have now become dry during the winter months. The water we have left barely meets the requirement for human consumption not to mention those required for irragation of farmland.

            The thinning forest cover decreases moisture content of the soil making it unsuitable for plantation of trees and crops. Temperature also increases considerably because of this. Our once fertile lands will soon become deserts if we do not put a stop to shifting cultivation soon.

            Each watershed area under the project is a micro level effort to achieve the objective of watershed programme through treating under productive and hitherto unproductive lands and taking up allied activities for the benefits of the rural poor and landless. This project adopt a common strategy of multi-resource management involving all stakeholders within the watershed, who together as a group, co-operatively identify the resources, issues and concerns of the watershed as well as develop and implement a watershed plan with solutions that are environmentally, socially and economically sustainable.

 

WATERSHED MANAGEMENT WORKS (56% WORKS COMPONENT)

Focus will be on :-

  1. Developing water, land/degraded land and abandoned jhum land on watershed basis,keeping in view the capacity of land, local condition and needs.
  2. Promoting overall economic development and improving Socio-economic condition of the poor and disadvantaged section inhabiting the project area.
  3. Restoring ecological balance by harnessing, conserving and developing natural resources. i.e., land, water and vegetative cover.
  4. Encouraging village community for sustainable community action for operation and maintenance of asstes created and further development of potential of natural resources in the watershed.
  5. Employment generation, poverty alleviation, community empowerment and development of human and other economic resources of the vilage.

Watershed Management works will be taken up in multi-tier approaches as below :-

 

(1) First Tier –Canopy/Ridge Area Treatment

(a) Stoppage of Shifting Cultivation : As per the report of the Mizoram Remote sensing Application Centre on 12th August, 2010, the soil Cultivation of the State became critical which needs to be systematically address to check further degradation and soil loss. According to MIRSAC report the vegetative cover of Mizoram is as below :-

Sl.No

Total Geographical Area

21087 Sqm

%

1

Soil loss due to weather, etc.

4352.36 Sqm

20.64

2

Virgin Forest

1537.25 Sqm

7.29

3

Open Forest

2047.55 Sq Km

9.71

4

Scrub land/degraded Forest

5193.73 Sq Km

24.63

5

Area Covered by Lake, Pond and Rivers

139.17 Sq Km

0.66

6

Bamboo Forest

7816.94 Sq Km

37.07

Out of the Total area of 21087 Sq Kms, 999.52 Sq Kms. have been annually degraded due to shifting cultivation. So, a shift from jhumming to permanent farming is the need of the day.

                      

                       (b) Afforestation : Besides the natural forest areas, more areas are proposed for afforestation under IWMP and other Schemes. Increased forest area will result in decrease of runoff water, soil water content and increased precipatation/rainfall, increased underground water table.

 

                       (c) Prevention of soil erosion : Due to the hilly nature of Mizoram and deforestation, rain water easily erodes the frtile top soil. Fertility decreases considerably in places of minimal forest cover. To prevent more soil erosion, construction of terraces, afforestation and other means are proposed so that there will be minimim soil content in the runoff water.

 

 

 

2. Second Tier-Horticulture Crop Area Treatment

                       (a) Construction of Water harvesting structures and better utilization of water resources :  Rainfall is still moderate and whatever rainfall we get, if we have proper harvesting structures, is more than enough for every household use without any other source of water. In place of permanent cultivation where natural streams are available for water harvesting using gravity and in those places where water is not available by gravity also, water harvesting should be encouraged. The harvested water can be used both for human consumption as well as for irrigating farmlands and will provide the required water during dry season.

                       (b) Land Development : The Areas covered under IWMP project are planned to be developed in such a way that the productivity will increase. The areas proposed for afforestation will be developed by making terrace. Construction of terrace will prevent unnecessary water runoff, thereby, recharging the water table. In places where permanent cultivation will be practiced, depending on the slope of the terrain, terrace, bench terrace and contour trench will be constructed. Cultivation of commercial crops will be practiced in such places and irrigation facilities for dry season will be provided.

                        (c) Gestation period treatment :  The Permanent Horticulture crops planted in the 2nd Tier –Area will be mostly Orange, Hatcora, Nimbu, Litchi, Mango, Avocado and other cash crops. These crops will be harvested only after 5 years or more. During the gestation period, farmers and cultivators will be encouraged and assisted to introduce annual cash crops to meet their daily weeks.

 

3. Third Tier-Agriculture Crop Area Treatment :

                       (a) Wet rice Cultivation & Mixed Farminng : In Places of Permanent cultivation, the land will be prepared in such a way that 2-3 crops can be planted in a year. This cannot be achieved with only the natural fertility of the land, therefore, provision will be made so that the cultivators can raise domestic animals in their farmland. The manure collected from animals can be used to fertilize the land making the crops produced in these farms entirely organic. Organic products are easier to export and have a larger market.

                       (b) Multiple cropping : If water and manure are available in plenty, farmers can plant different varieties of crop depending on the season. Even during the dry season, cultivation can be done and also permanent crops can be raised

 

 

4Provision of Liveihood for Asset-less families (9% of Works Component) : The Asset-less families will be provided with a scope of micro-enterprenuership, they will be assisted and trained to take up those activities identified under the project. Livestock farming, handicraft, mechanics, black smithy, tin smithy, petty trade etc. will be encouraged by the PIA for this Asset-less people. Necessary financial and technical support will be provided from the project fund.

5Livestock Group & Existing Livelihood (10% of works Component) :

(a)Livestock Group (10%) :- Since, the Mizo’s are meat – eaters, the demand for meat production is always very high. Out of the total consumption of Beef during 2008-2009, 60% came from outside the State, 80% of fish available in the market in Mizoram are from outside the state. Therefore, the project will try to increase meat production to meat the sate demand. The following table show the meat requirement and consumption during 2008-2009. (source AH&Vety Department, Mizoram)

 

DAILY MEAT CONSUMPTION IN  MIZORAM (2008-2009)

Meat

Average Daily Consumption

 

No of Animals

Rate per Kg

Daily requirement in Kg

Amount spents

Beef

52

175

5,980

10,46,500

Pork

226

120

21,470

25,76,400

Poultry

2,266

180

6,118

11,01,276

Fish

NA

120

4,286

  5,14,320

Mutton

23

200

207

     41,400

 

MONTH/YEARLY MEAT CONSUMPTION IN MIZORAM (2008-2009

Meat

Average Monthly Consumption (25 days)

Anually

%

Monthly requirement in Kg

Amount spent

Annual requirement in Kg

Amount spent

Pork

5,36,750

6,44,10,000

64,41,000

77,29,20,000

56.41

Beef

1,49,500

2,61,62,500

17,94,000

31,39,50,000

15.71

Poultry

1,52,955

2,75,31,900

18,35,460

33,03,82,800

16.07

Fish

1,07,150

1,28,58,000

12,85,800

15,42,96,000

11.26

Mutton

5,175

10,35,000

62,100

1,24,20,000

0.54

 

6Rural – Urban migration : Due lo lack of employment opportunities and for various other reasons, rural populations migrate to urban areas. In urban areas there is deficit of work due to large influx of population from rural areas, resulting in poverty and creating problem for resettlement to rural areas. Using this rural- rural urban migration is hoped to be kept in check by providing them with means for secure income.

7Women empowerment : For an accelerated Socio-economic development of any community active participation of women is essential. In a social set up like ours, i.e., Patriarchal family system, the participation of women in the development process has to be ensured through tangible measures at various levels which result in empowerment of women in the real sense. This project will address to decrease the workload of women in the project area. Time spent for collecting drinking water will be reduced which will result in positive impact on the quality of life and health of women and the family.

8Creation of Assets : Using IWMP project, plans are made to provide durable assets to the rural population. These assets will last long after the completion of this project and will be handed over to the public on completion of this project. The management, repair, renovation or augmentation of these assets will be the respnsibility of the people. Plans are made in such a way that once the project is completed the public will be able to restore or augment these assets without Government help. A minimal change will be collected from the user of these assets; this collection along with WDF will be used for maintenance of these assets.

9 Convergence with other Programmes : An opportunity for convergence with other programmes of Government of India and State Government will be opened for the project area as well as beneficiaries and end-users. Convergence with other programme will be those which are not convenient to address from IWMP fund and those needing more fund and man days which could not be met from the said scheme. Beneficiaries will be encouraged to utilize such fund received by them from other sources for enhancing their activity in the project area. However, parallel funding of same activity in the same project area will be accounted separately to avoid duplicity of utilization of find. Care should be taken to check misappropriation of fund. All scheme funds should be utilized in a holistic and judicious manner.

10 Connectivity of the Project Area : Even though, IWMP is silent on the provision of connectivity to the project area, construction of road, bridges and culverts will be given priority to ease tranportation of products from the project area. Connectivity will enhance works done per day person since time for travelling to the project area from habitation will be less. Connectivity will also ensure better monotoring and supervision and implementation of works. Provision of connectivity should be done under the existing MG-NREGA or other State Schemes. An Annual Action Plan formulated by Gram Sabha of each project village will give priority on this convergence approach.

11 Food Security : In many rural villages, the parents had to toil and sweats for their Children in order to give the family a food meal twice a day. Making both ends meet is as hand as rock sometimes due to scarcity of wage employment and results in lack of purchasing power. However, in order to make availability of food more secure for the family, the project will enhance the productivity of the land, increase the income of the family and revitalize the welfare of the family so that there will be food scarcity.

12 Disaster Risk Reduction Approach : Whenever there is any developmental activities in hilly areas, landslips, erosion and road block raise their ugly heads causing devastating destructions, sometimes results in Landslips and hungers also natural calamities like Drought, Wild Fire, Airborned and Waterborned diseases. This project, as far as practicable, will address to reduce the risk of disaster due to developmental works by construction of Check Dams, Reataining Walls, Flood control works and control of free flowing rain waters by way of construction of contour lines, bundings, terracing etc. to decrease the run off speed rain water and utilize all available water in a meaning way for enhancing productivity.

 

PROJECT PROFILE

            Serchhip                                :           Serchhip IWMP – III

           

            Name of Watershed                         1. Lower Tuichang – V(3d1b2d3g)

                                                                        2. Lower Tuichang – VI(3d1b2d3h)

                                                                        3. Lower Tuichang – VII(3d1b21e)

                                                                        4. Lower Tuichang – VIII(3d1b2d3f)

                                                                        5. Lower Tuichang – IX(3d1b2e4c)

                                                                        6.  Lower Tuichang – X(3d1b2e4d)

                                                                        7. Lower Tuichang – XI(3d1b2d2f)

                                                                        8. Upper  Tuichang – I(3d1b3a1a)

           

            Area of the project               :           5000 Ha

            Cost of the project               :           750 Lakhs

  1. Central share                   :           675 Lakhs
  2. State share                       :           75 Lakhs

 

            Villages to be covered

             (a) N. Vanlaiphai                     (b)       Lungchhuan              (c)       Bawktlang

(d)Piler                                   (e)       Khawlailung              (f)        Chekawn

(g) Mualcheng

 

DRAINAGE SYSTEM

 

Sl.no

Drainage system

Description

 

1

Tuipui Drainage system

Within Serchhip Tuipui drainage system drains only the south eastern part of the district. Its important tributaries within the district are Zawngatah lui, Arsi lui and Lengthum lui

2

Zuva Drainage System

Zuva lui originates from Lailen tlang near E. Lungdar village at a height of 1455m above mean sea level and flows southwards paralleling the Tuipui river till it confluence to Tiau river in the south. It has many small tributaries and the notable ones are Dilkhawn lui, Saisiak lui, Sehawng lui and Mauhak Lui.

3

Tuichang I&II Drainage System

Tuichang river System is the largest drainage system within the district. It originates from Darngawn tlang near Khawzawl township at a height of 1449m above mean sea level. The main tributaries of Tuichang within the district are Tuikum lui, Tuisang lui in the mid -western  part of the watershed whereas Varhva lui, Chekawn lui, Tuiphal lui, Maicham lui are the important ones in the southern part of the watershed and in the north the important ones are Nghalrawh lui, Tuikau lui, Tuiphar lui, Kharzawl lui and Kawlkulh lui

4

Mat Drainage System

Mat river originates from Baktawng tlang at a height of 1590m above mean sea level near Baktawng village in Serchhip district and flows southward till it confluences to Chhimtuipui river in Lunglei district in the south. Its main tributaries within the district are Hmawngkawn lui, Tuichar lui, Lumtu lui, Matvate and Darnam lui.

5

Tlawng Drainage system

Tlawng river is one of the most important rivers of Mizoram and it is the longest river in Mizoram. It originates from Zopui tlang near Lunglei township at a height of 1480m above mean sea level and it flows northwards passing through five district of the state forming district boundary line while running along its course. here also it formed a district boundary line between Serchhip and Aizawl district in the sout-western part of the district. Important tributaries of Tlawng river from the Serchhip district are Lik lui and Tuihnial lui before it enters to Azawl district.

 

LAND USE

Sl.no

Class

Description

Area(Sq.Km)

%

1

Build up land

Build upland is an area of human habitation, development due to non-agricultural use and that has a cover of buildings, transport and communications, utilizes in association with water, vegeattion and vacant lands. Serchhip district includes five towns namely i.e., Serchhip, North Vanlaiphai and Thenzawl and 36 villages.

11.84

0.83

2

Agriculture land

These are lands primarily used for farming and for production of food, fiber and other commercial horticulture crops. It includes land under crops (irrigated and un-irrigated, plantation etc)

 

 

 

2.1 Kharif

Kharif crop land refers mainly to the wet rice cultivation areas located in the low lying plains. A bulk of the kharif crop lands is found in the northern part of the district.

10.46

0.74

2.2 Plantation

This class includes areas, which is being utilized for plantation of cash crops. They include a variety of agriculture/horticulture plantations, of which the prominent ones are Tea, Coffee, Banana, Pineapple, Tung and Citrus woodlands.

8.09

0.58

3

3.1 Forest Dense

This class includes natural forests, which are not distributed by any biotic factors like shifting cultivation and other human activities. The crown density of this class is very thick. Sub-tropical foerst, evergreen and semi- evergreen forests covers major portion of this area.

183.54

12.91

3.2 Medium Dense

The forest that have a crown cover neither too thick nor too thin  are classed under this category.

170.53

12.00

3.3 Less Dense

The forest under this category has a thin crown cover. This type of forest, which were once distributed and affected by biotic factors like shifting cultivation and human activities. These forests are characterized by those lands where shifting cultivation had been practiced and then left fallow for over a year, the resultant new vegetation of which regenerated to form new forests.

198.14

13.94

3

3.4 Bamboo

Moist decidious bamboo forests are found to be distributed throughout Serchhip district. It is mostlly found in low-lying areas near streams and rivers. It constitutes the largest cover among the land use classes.

474.04

33.34

3.5 Forest Plantatoni

Forest Plantations are distributed throughout the district. Some has large coverage while most of them have area below the minimum mapable unit. The prominent forest plantations are Teak (Tectona grandis), Michelia champaca), Gamari(Gmelina arborea) and Alder

7.18

0.50

4

4.1 Current Shifting Cultivation

It is a traditional practice of growing crops on forested/vegetated hill slopes by slash and burn method. These are associated with mountainous/hilly areas amidst forest cover and forest cleared areas.

66.60

4.68

4.2 Abandoned Shifting Cultivation

 These areas that were under shifting cultivation, left idle for more than one year but less than three years therby giving scope for the regeneration of the secondary vegetation especially bamboo or grasses.

217.79

15.32

5

Scrub Land

These lands are generally prone to deterioration due to erosion. They generally occupy topographically high locations,excluding hilly/mountainous terrain. They possess sprase vegetation within thin soil cover.

68.81

4.84

6

Water body

This category comprises area with surface water, either impounded in the form of ponds, lakes or flowing as streams and rivers etc.

4.58

0.32

TOTAL

1421.60

100.00

 

The following figure shows percentage of inflation in various commodities.

                                                                                             

Commodity

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010 (Dec)

Rice

16.54

20.3

20.88

24.67

27

Masur Dal

42.75

56

73.75

76.28

71

Pork

102.5

122

145

150.42

160

Beef

112.5

123.75

146.25

159.58

175

Fish

112.5

114.28

131.25

142.95

145

Milk

28.87

27.62

30.63

32.73

37

Potato

12.69

12.5

14.5

22.42

24

Sugar

25

23.62

27.25

34.43

45

LPG

306.63

305.63

325

320.44

361

 

                                                                        Sources : AH & Vety Department

 

                             Area & Production Major Crops

Sl.no

Name of crop

2009-2010

2010-2011

Area ‘000 Ha

Prodn ‘000 Ha

Area ‘000 Ha

Prodn ‘000 Ha

Cereals

1

Rice

47.2

46.3

40.67

46.9

2

Maize

8.31

11.14

8.81

12.7

Total of Cereals

55.51

57.44

49.48

59.6

Pulses

1

Arthar

0.2

0.12

9.74

1.1

2

Rice Bean

0.72

0.9

0.2

0.2

3

Other Pulses

2.39

2.98

2.54

3.4

Total of Pulses

3.31

4.0

12.48

4.7

Oil Seed

1

Sesamum

1.1

0.75

1.2

1.9

2

Soyabean

1.3

2.1

1.01

0.7

Total of oil Seed

2.4

2.085

2.21

2.6

G.Total

61.22

64.29

64.17

66.9

Target for 2011-2012

1.

Production of Rice

52.000 MT/Ha

2

Increase productivity in WRC

1.7-1.2 MT/Ha

3

Incresase productivity in Jhum

0.92-1.2 MT/Ha

4

Farm Power Availability

0.25-0.75 KW/Ha

5

Fertilizer Consumption

42.07-60.00 Kg/Ha

6

Seed Replacement

30% in paddy and 40% in other crops

7

System of Rice intesification

500-3,000 Ha

               

 

HISTORY OF THE PROJECT VILLAGE

 

HISTORY OF N.VANLAIPHAI VILLAGE

           

N. Vanlaiphai is a village situated at Serchhip District  which is 175 Km from its main city Aizawl having a village boundary with Bawktlang, Lungchhuan and Lungkawlh.

As regard to the origination of the village name there is legend which says that there once was a man called Vanlaiphaia. One he stood at this village and glanced at the landscape, he thought that this area is the middle part of the area. N. Vanlaiphai is often called ‘Chhura Vanlaiphai’. The main source of income is through.

N. Vanlaiphai villagers are blessed with plentiful spring water sources which are called Sanpoh kawn tuikhur, Kham tui, khurpui Venglai, Rahsi Veng Khurpui, Hlingtui, Pu Khuanga tui, Khiangngaw, Mistiri tuikhur, Hmawng hnuai, Theuneu tuikhur, Bangla Veng tuikhur, Vaiveng khurpui, Sunhlu tuikhur, Hmeichhe tui, Ngaw Veng tuikhur, Hmingpaih tuikhur, Thlanmual thlang tuikhur I&II, Patan tuikhur, Pu Lalkulha tuikhur and KVK tuikhur.

 

BASIC INFORMATION

Population

Sl.no

Total Population

1

Male

1890

2

Female

1908

 

Total

3798

 

Occupation

1

Cultivation

265

2

Government Services

450

3

Business/Micro Enterpreneur

 44

4

Livestock farming

314

 

Total

1073

 

Educational Status

 

1

Primary School

3

2

Middle School

2

3

High School

1

4

Higher Secondary School

1

 

Total

7

 

        Spring/Water Sources

 

1

Tuiphai

Perennial

2

Varva

Perennial

3

Maicham

Perennial

4

Tuikual

Decrease during winter seasn

5

Zuva

Perennial


 

HISTORY OF LUNGCHHUAN VILLAGE

Lungchhuan is a village situated under Serchhip District having boundary with N. Vanlaiphai, Sialsir and Chekawn village which is just 140 Km from its main city Aizawl. The origination of the village name is taken from the term ‘lung’ which means ‘stone’ and ‘chhuan’ which mean ‘place’. One of the stone was placed candidly in this village and this was named after the village.

Water sources are mainly seen through Khurpui and Paihte tui which are not dried up during the dry season. The main occupation of the villagers is through farming whrer rice, ginger, chillies and oranges are prevalently cultivated.

With regard to educational development, one could find the effort and support put forth by the village leaders and the Government where one Primary School, one Middle School and one High School have been established.

 

BASIC INFORMATION

Population

Sl.no

Total Population

1

Male

400

2

Female

390

 

Total

790

 

Occupation

1

Cultivation

124

2

Government Services

  19

3

Business/Micro Enterpreneur

    4

4

Livestock farming

119

 

Total

266

 

Educational Status

1

Primary School

1

2

Middle School

1

3

High School

1

4

Higher Secondary School

-

 

Total

3

 

Spring/Water Sources

 

1

Tuichang

Perennial

2

Tuikual

Perennial

3

Varva

Perennial

4

Khurpui

 Perennial.

5

Paihte tui

Perennial

 

HISTORY OF BAWKTLANG VILLAGE

          Bawktlang is a small village having a total household of just 67 which falls under Serchhip distrcit which is just 174 Km from its main city Aizawl having a village boundary with N. Vanlaiphai and Mualcheng. The Village was formed under the chief Lallula.

            The main source of water collection is through spring water which are named Khurhnai. However Khurhnai is dried up during the dry season and often create difficulty for the villagers. Apart from Khurhnai water is collected from Hlumte tui.

            The main occupation of the inhabitants is through farming where rice, ginger, orange and chillies are cultivated. At present there are one Primary School and one Middle School.

 

BASIC INFORMATION

Population

Sl.no

Total Population

1

Male

214

2

Female

182

 

Total

396

 

Occupation

1

Cultivation

54

2

Government Services

13

3

Business/Micro Enterpreneur

  2

4

Livestock farming

66

 

Total

135

 

Educational Status

1

Primary School

1

2

Middle School

1

3

High School

-

4

Higher Secondary School

-

 

Total

2

 

 

Spring/Water Sources

1

Darnam

Perennial

2

Khurhnai

Dry during winter season

3

Zuva

Perennial

4

Varva

 Perennial.

 

HISTORY OF PILER VILLAGE

            Piler is a small village under Serchhip District which is just 125 Km from its main city Aizawl having boundary with Khawlailung and Keitum village. At Present as sources indicates there are 85 househlod.

            The name of the village originates from the name of a person called ‘Pi Ler’ who once was a Queen. The village was name after this Queen.

            The Village is blessed with spring water sources which does not dried up during the dry season which are called Khurpui, Khawdungsei, Chhiarkim and Buhhminlo damtui.

            The main source of living of the villagers is through farming where rice, ginger, oranges and chillies are grown in plenty.

 

BASIC INFORMATION

Population

Sl.no

Total Population

1

Male

300

2

Female

210

 

Total

510

 

Occupation

1

Cultivation

71

2

Government Services

12

3

Business/Micro Enterpreneur

  2

4

Livestock farming

73

 

Total

158

 

Educational Status

1

Primary School

1

2

Middle School

1

3

High School

-

4

Higher Secondary School

-

 

Total

2

 

Spring/Water Sources

1

Khurpui

Perennial

2

Chhiarkim

Perennial

3

Buhhminlo damtui

Perennial

4

Varva

 Perennial.

5

Thalbul

Perennial

6

Chelui

Perennial

 

                             HISTORY OF KHAWLAILUNG VILLAGE

 

            Khawlailung Village is a village having a total population of 1203 male and 1218 female persons with 466 number of household as on today.

            The village is situated at the middle of its bordering villages. Therefore the name is also taken after it. The main source of living is through farming where oranges, ginger etc are grown in plenty. Water is collected mainly from Tuilak tha, Paihte lui which is under Lungchhuan and from Khurpui.

 

BASIC INFORMATION

Population

Sl.no

Total Population

1

Male

1203

2

Female

1218

 

Total

2421

 

Occupation

1

Cultivation

477

2

Government Services

  43

3

Business/Micro Enterpreneur

  12

4

Livestock farming

446

 

Total

978

 

Educational Status

1

Primary School

3

2

Middle School

2

3

High School

1

4

Higher Secondary School

-

 

Total

6

 

 

Spring/Water Sources

1

PHE Water Supply

Perennial

2

Khurpui

Decrease during winter season

3

Varva

Perennial

4

Sairil lui

 Perennial.

5

Chelui

Perennial

6

Tuichang

Perennial

 

                                    HISTORY OF CHEKAWN VILLAGE

 

            Chekawn village is a small village which falls under Serchhip District and is just 145 Km from its main city Aizawl having a boundary with Piler, Khawlailung and Mualcheng village. At present there are 50 number of household residing in this village.

            Water is collected mainly from ‘Phaidai Lui’ which is situated on the route to N. Vanlaiphai. The main source of income of the villagers is through farming where a number of ginger,oranges and rice are cultivated. As on today there are three Primary Schools, two Middle Schools and one High School.

 

BASIC INFORMATION

Population

Sl.no

Total Population

1

Male

147

2

Female

136

 

Total

283

 

Occupation

1

Cultivation

50

2

Government Services

  9

3

Business/Micro Enterpreneur

  4

4

Livestock farming

36

 

Total

99

Educational Status

1

Primary School

1

2

Middle School

1

3

High School

-

4

Higher Secondary School

-

 

Total

2

 

Spring/Water Sources

1

PHE Water Supply from Phaidai lui

Perennial

2

Varva

Perennial

3

Thalbullui

Perennial

4

Chelui

 Perennial.

 

HISTORY OF N.MUALCHENG VILLAGE

           N.Mualcheng is a village which falls under Serchhip District and is just 154Km from its main city Aizawl having boundary with East Lungdar. At present there are 273 househlod. The total population of the village is 1420 including 720 male and 700 female persons.

            In earlier years the name of the village wasa called ‘Kangzang’. Since the village is situated lower than its neihbouring villages it is calleed Mualcheng.

            The main source of water is through Gravity pipeline (Tuilak) which falls under Bawktlang jurisdiction, Chirhdup which again under Bawktlang area and Hriangkham. Spring water sources is also found at Darnam,Khurpui, Lengkir and Pu Vana tui.

            The main sources of income through farming where rice, ginger and oranges are found in plenty. At present they have two Primary Schools , one Middle School and one High School.

 

BASIC INFORMATION

Population

Sl.no

Total Population

1

Male

720

2

Female

700

 

Total

1420

Occupation

1

Cultivation

248

2

Government Services

   25

3

Business/Micro Enterpreneur

    8

4

Livestock farming

238

 

Total

519

Educational Status

1

Primary School

2

2

Middle School

1

3

High School

1

4

Higher Secondary School

-

 

Total

4

 

Spring/Water Sources

1

Darnam

Decrease during winter

2

Khurpui

Decrease during winter

3

Lengkir

Decrease during winter

4

Pu Vanatui

Decrease during winter

5

Zuva

Perennial

6

Varva

Perennial

7

Lungva

Perennial

8

Kawlkulh

Perennial

9

Tuichang

Perennial

 

PARTICIPATORY RURAL APPRAISAL (PRA)

            The past experience of watershed has given tremendous input to focus on creating accountability of the stakeholders towards the programme. This has created an emphasis to include all the stakeholder communities and their local and Indigenous Technical Knowledge(ITK) while planning for any activity. Participatory approach provides a new path for planning, implementation, monitoring and post-withdrawal activities with a complete accountability of the stakehloders. Various PRA techniques like resource mapping, social mapping and season calendars were used to understand the physical and social orientation of the village in general and watershed in specific. These tools put the villagers in ease than the complicated questionaries.Various tools like Matrix ranking,Venn diagram were used to identify various local vegetations (apt for afforestation),Fodders crops, various institutions and their significance in the life of the farmers.

FINDINGS: The PRA exercise done in the project area revealed that the villages even after lengthy lecture and deliberate discussion could not make the difference between what they want and what they need. In each village the people thought that they need-

  1. Community hall with Badminton Court.
  2.  Playground with a minimum size of 120m x 70m which is medium standard football ground.
  3. Internal roads and steps.
  4. Market or waiting sheds.
  5. Office building for various NGOs i.e., YMA, MHIP and MUP
  6. Construction of roads under MG-NREGA to connect their jhum land.

           In view of the above points, none of the above items Sl/No. (d) and (f) could not alleviate poverty nor lighten the burden of loads they carry from their jhum land. Therefore, what seem to be their needsare actually what they want to have.

            Then, in the second exercise of the PRA, the need of the people was revealed, what they want becomes negligible since their wants could not fulfill the needs of the rural populace. Therefore, the following points came up which will be addressed with various R.D. Programme.

  1. Water and moisture conservation for domestic and irrigation purposes.
  2. Land development for horticulture, agriculture and pisciculture.
  3. Afforestation and regeneration of village community land.
  4. Construction of link road to each potential area to ease transportation.
  5. Contruction of storage facility and market infrastructure.
  6. Training and Capacity building for rural artisans and their sponsorship to various institutions for up-gradation of skills.

PROBLEM OF TYPOLOGY

1

2

3

4

Sl.no

Problem area

Problem analysis

Proposed interventions to cover come problems

1

Soil Conservation(slope, erosion, soil loss, rainfall, productivity, etc

Soil lost is immense due to direct rain drop resulting in soil erosion, destruction of vegetative barrier, decreased rainfall. Top soil loss decreased fertility of the land resulting in less productivity

Soil and moisture conservation will be done by way of construction of farm ponds, dug-out ponds, terracing, bench terracing, half moon terrace, contour trenching and planting trees, shifting cultivation will be controlled.

2

Water Conservation (water budget, ground water norms, productivity)

Decrease in vegetative barrier resulted in high run off speed of rain water and less chance of recharging water table. Direct sun light also decreases the moisture content of the soil. Once perennial streams become ephemeral.

In order to utilize every drop of water in a meaningful way, all the streams in the project area will be tapped to irrigate farm land. Rain water will be harvested in farm ponds, dug-out ponds and water harvesting structures to recharge the ground water content. Check dams will be constructed in various places to make ephemeral streams into perennial streams.

3

Crop Coverage – (80% of w/s area should be with canopy)

Practice of shifting cultivation destroyed crops and vegetative coverage. Sporadic wild fire also destroyed a vast portion of land every year. Abandoned Jhum land increases resulting in less vegetative coverage

Permanent farming will be introduced in the project area by three tier system. Canopy areas will be treated to regenerate forest, in the second tier horticulture will be introduced, the third tier will be covered with WRC and Terrace for Agriculture activity.

4

Agriculture productivity (crop wise compare with dist.average)

Due to loss of top soil, the productivity of land decreases tremendously, the productivity of land in case of paddy is only 600Kg per acre, which is almost 50% less than 10-15 years ago. The crop wise district average for major crop is as below :-

Sl.no

Project Area

Dist.Average

(a)

Paddy-600Kg/Ac

750Kg/Ac

(b)

Maize-800 Kg/Ac

950Kg/Ac

(c)

Banana-700 Kg/Ac

1000 Kg/Ac

 

The productivity will be enhanced by way of multiple cropping. Permanent crops will be introduced in slope areas, during the period  seasonal and annual crops will be sown which will doubled the income of the farmer. Organic manures will be used for enhancing the production as well as ensuring quality. Drip-irrigation will be provided to each farmer for irrigating crops. WRC areas will be provided with open or pipe irrigation to enhance productivity and enable farmer to sow more than once in their area.

5

Livestock Productivity

Lack of grazing ground for milch animals, draught animals and small ruminants. Lack of technical know how of animal management, remoteness of the project area and lack of financial support and infrastructure

Developing the existing pasture land with proper management and technical inputs for  livestock farming Training at various indentified institute to ensure growth and productivity. Developing infrastructure for production and marketing with logistic support.

6

Existing Livelihood activities for Asset less persons

No employment opportunities in the project area to earn a living except in jhum lands where weeding is required. Lack of creativeness, training and financial support for such persons.

Organizing the people to form SHG’s and imparting training at various identified institutes, door-step training at local area for Old-aged and handicapped persons. Developing infrastructure for production and marketing, provision of logistic support to the groups.

7

Community based Organization & Social Capital base

The existing CBO’s i.e. YMA, MHIP and MUP are not aware of the importance of SHG’s and Federations and lack creativity and innovative mind.

Training for CBO’s/VO’s in order to enable them to facilitate the newly formed SHG’s and federation for their growth and impart sense of ownership.

8

Capacity building (participation, awareness of watershed community)

There is no proper capacity building and awareness campaign.

Capacity building will be held at regular intervals. In order to ensure mass-participation, the time and venue should be notified in advance to all concerned.

9

Work culture of Labour force

Due to the implementation of various employment generation schemes, the people are used to earning their livelihood easily without much toil and sweat. They became irresponsible and forget the Mizo work culture where every family is self-sufficient.

In order to change the existing work-culture, comprehensive plan should be worked out to ensure better profits from works done by each produce and induce the spirit of ownership of every work done. Everyone should be made to deliver considerable effort for his and his family’s self-sufficiency without external support.

10

Land Ownership Pattern

During the implementation of NLUP and MIP in Mizoram, community land available for jhuming was distributed to every family at the rate of 4 Acres. Even after the dis-continuance of the programmes, the allotee usually claimed their land allotted to them even if they could not look after it.

The Village Council in consultation with Revenue Department, Government of Mizoram should declared the allotment of land to those allotees null and void, and re-distribute the land to deserving families who are willing to take up the activities under IWMP

11

Connectivity of Watershed Area and Potential Areas

Due to lack of foresight, the village authorities could not formulate plans to connect every potential area with roads to ease transportation of produces resulting in heavy burden for farmers and cultivators.

Village Authorities will be made conscious of the importance of connectivity to the potential project areas. They will make fund available for construction of road connectivity under every available schemes. This will ease transportation of produces, reduce the cost of transportation and market price of the produce, it will also decrease time taken for the produces to reach markets.

12

Marketing of produces

Even though the produces of the locality is of small quantity, it became too much for local consumption, but too little for outside market.

Produces will be quantified at least three-folded in each item to enable the farmers to sell outside the locality. Transportation arrangement will be made at watershed committee level to ensure that those produces reach the market within 24 hours

13

Storage of produces

Due to lack of produces facilities for storing Horticultre products in local area, the products became rotten in a short span of time, then farmers and cultivators not only loses but are also demoralized.

Cold storage facilities will be applied in the concerned Department undder the Government of Mizoram where every beneficiary will deposit their produces before sending them to the market.

14

Credit Linkage

Due to lack of banking infrastructure in remote villages, credit linkage and banking assistance are out of reach for the rural populace.

Bank officials will be made to paticipate more in the implementation of the project where they could fetch a good return. The dormancy of service area of each banks will be made to revive, in return, the loaness will be made to recover their loans in regular intervals so that the bank, the loaness and SHG will be more profitable.

15

Lack of Training Infrastructure and Institutional Support and Sponsorship

There are only a few training facilities and institutions for the rural artisans, even though the existing ones are almost out of reach for them due to lack of sponsorship and financial support for upgradation of skills.

Recent establishment of R-SETI at Zemabawk, KVK N. Vanlaiphai and farmers Training Centre at Selesih will help upgrade the rural artisans, farmers and micro enterpreneurss. Sponsorship will be done from training and capacity building fund of the project. Whenever possible, private trainers will be engaged to impart in – house/dooor step Training to old aged pensioner, widows and handicapped persons. Upgradation of skill will enable the produces of rural artisans to compete in the open markets.

16

Sparodic wild fire

Due to Bamboo flowering in 2007,2008 & 2009, Vast bamboo forest was covered with dried bamboos. Some miscreants used to set fire causing destruction of new young plants coming up

Focus will be set to those areas selected under the project to control wild fire, controlled burning and watch of wild fire will be introduced. Comprehensive Plan will be evolved at Village Level to create awareness. Village Level Authority will be encouraged to punish and fine those who cuased such wild fire.

17

Time management

Due to lack of efficient time management, valuable time have been thrown away which could be utilized in an efficient manner if management have been properly arranged

The PIA will be advised to opened a Site Office within his IWMP Project Area for better co-ordination with the Watershed Committees, User Group, Selp-Help Groups and the beneficiaries. All programmes of training, awareness, capacity buildings and fields visits will be notified in advance so that there will be no lapsed in the part of the PIA nor the end users.

 

PROJECT INTERVENTION PLAN

 

S/N

Name of works

%

N. Vanlaiphai

Lungchhuan

Bawktlang

Piler

Khawlailung

Chekawn

Mualcheng

TOTAL

Physical in No. & Ha

 

Allocation in rupees

Physical in No. & Ha

Allocation in rupees

Physical in No. & Ha

Allocation in rupees

Physical in No. & Ha

Allocation in rupees

Physical in No. & Ha

Allocation in rupees

Physical in No. & Ha

Allocation in rupees

Physical in No. & Ha

Allocation in rupees

Physical in No. & Ha

Allocation in rupees

1

Preparation of DPR

1

1

172500

1

97500

1

90000

1

90000

1

102000

1

115500

1

82500

1

750000

2

Entry Point Activivity

4

6

690000

1

390000

3

360000

7

360000

2

408000

2

462000

1

330000

22

3000000

3

Institution & Capacity Building

5

NA

862500

NA

487500

NA

450000

NA

450000

NA

510000

NA

577500

NA

412500

NA

3750000

4

Productivity enhancement

10

153

1725000

87

975000

80

900000

80

900000

90

1020000

103

1155000

73

825000

666

7500000

 

5

Livelihood for Asset less

9

138

1552500

78

877500

72

810000

72

810000

82

918000

92

1039500

66

742500

600

6750000

6

Natural Resources Managemnet

56

859

9660000

485

5460000

448

5040000

448

5040000

508

5712000

575

6468000

411

4620000

3734

42000000

7

Monitoring & Evaluation

2

NA

345000

NA

195000

NA

180000

NA

180000

NA

204000

NA

231000

NA

165000

NA

1500000

8

Consolidation Phase

3

NA

517500

NA

292500

NA

270000

NA

270000

NA

306000

NA

346500

NA

247500

NA

2250000

9

Administration

10

LS

1725000

LS

975000

LS

900000

LS

900000

LS

1020000

LS

1155000

LS

825000

LS

7500000

 

Total of  sl.no (4,5 &6, Physical financial over

100

1150

17250000

650

9750000

600

9000000

600

9000000

680

10200000

770

11550000

550

8250000

5000

75000000


DPR PLAN ABSTRACT

 

S.no

Component

1st Year

2nd Year

3rd Year

4th Year

5th Year

Total

Phy (No)

Fin (Rs)

Phy (No)

Fin (Rs)

Phy (No)

Fin (Rs)

Phy (No)

Fin (Rs)

Phy (No)

Fin (Rs)

Phy (No)

Fin (Rs)

1

Detail Project Report

1

750000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

750000

 

2

Entry Point Activities (4%)

22

3000000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

22

3000000

 

3

Institution & Capacity Building (5%)

NA

375000

NA

843750

NA

843750

NA

843750

NA

843750

NA

3750000

4

Production & Micro Enterprise (10%)

 

 

66

750000

200

2250000

200

2250000

200

2250000

666

7500000

5

Livelihood for Assetless (9%)

 

 

40

450000

186

2100000

186

2100000

186

2100000

598

6750000

 

6

Natural Resource Management (56%)

 

 

580

6525000

995

11200000

1028

11575000

1128

12700000

3731

42000000

7

Monitoring (1%)

 

 

LS

150000

LS

200000

LS

200000

LS

200000

LS

750000

 

8

Evaluation (1%)

-

 

 

 

LS

375000

 

 

LS

375000

LS

750000

 

9

Consolidation Phase (3%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LS

2250000

LS

2250000

 

10

Administration (10%)

LS

375000

LS

1781250

LS

1781250

LS

1781250

LS

1781250

LS

7500000

 

11

Financial Total of 4+5+6

0

0

686

7725000

1381

1555000

1414

15925000

1514

17050000

4995

56250000

 


PREPARATORY PHASE

 

 SERCHHIP DISTRICT : MIZORAM

NAME OF PROJECT :  SERCHHIP

Name of Village

Amount earmarked for EPA (Rs. In Lakhs)

EPA Planned

Estimate Cost (Rs. In  lakhs)

Expenditure incurred

Balance

Expected outcome

Actual Outcome

Lungchhuan

3.90

Roadside Bazar cum Waitingshed at Khankawn

3.90

3.90

Nil

The roadside Bazar will benefit around 140 househlods as this will provide the necessary infrastructure for the sale of their product

 

Mualcheng

3.30

Pavillion cum Waitingshed near Playground

3.30

3.30

Nil

This Pavillion cum Waitingshed will benefit around 280 households

 

Chekawn

4.62

Public Water  Point & Sanitary Latrine

4.62

4.62

Nil

This Public Water  point & Sanitary Latrine will benfit around 40 househlods

 

Khawlailung

4.08

Public Water  Point & Sanitary Latrine

4.08

4.08

Nil

This Public Water  point & Sanitary Latrine will benfit around 150  househlods

 

Piler

3.60

5,000 litre Capacity farm pond

3.60

3.60

Nil

5,000 litre Capacity farm pond, Convergense with NLUP beneficiaries which is the state flagship Programme

 

Bawktlang

2.50

Bazar Shed

2.50

2.50

Nil

This Bazar Shed will benefit around 60 househlods as this will provide the necessary infrastructure for the sale of their  product

 

Bawktlang

1.10

5,000 litre Capacity farm pond

1.10

1.10

Nil

5,000 litre Capacity farm pond, Convergense with NLUP beneficiaries which is the state flagship Programme

 

N. Vanlaiphai

2.50

5,000 litre Capacity farm pond

2.50

2.50

Nil

5,000 litre Capacity farm pond, Convergense with NLUP beneficiaries which is the state flagship Programme

 

N. Vanlaiphai

4.40

Construction of Rural Godown

4.40

4.40

Nil

This will provide necessary storage for around 300 households during harvesting period

 

 

CONSOLIDATION & WITHDRAWAL PHASE
SERCHHIP DISTRICT : MIZORAM

NAME OF PROJECT

SERCHHIP -III

:

COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES

     

Name of Village

Activity Proposed

TARGET

 

Target Area under the activities Ha

Estimate Expenditure

Expected no. Of Beneficiaries

Estimated WDF Contribution

Area Treated under the activity

Expenditure incurred

Actual no of beneficiaries

Mandays

WDF

Collected

TOTAL

WOMEN

 

MIS-TABLE-M(PA)C1

          After completion of the project, all the common properties within the project area under Watershed Management Works i.e Gravity pipeline, Open-Irrigation Chanel, Water Harvesting Structures should be entered in this table during consolidation phase. Contribution toward Watershed Development Fund which is 5% of the expenditure incurred in that particular area should be collected from the neneficiaries.

        This fund will be utilized for maintenance, repair, renovation of the Assets (CPR) created under the project fund after exit protocol. this MIS-Table is an Assets register of the project, therefore, entry should be correct in all respects.

                               

 

CAPACITY BUILDING INSTITUTIONS IDENTIFIED FOR

IMPLEMENTATION OF IWMP IN

SERCHHIP DISTRICT : MIZORAM

 

Sl.No

Name of Institution

Type

 

Specialization

 

1

State Institute of Rural Development, Kolasib : Mizoram

State Government

Rural Development  & Watershed Management

 

2

Extension Training Centre, Thingsulthliah : Mizoram

State Government

Rural Development  & Watershed Management

 

3

Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), N.Vanlaiphai : Mizoram

Central Government

Home Sciences, Animal Husbandry, Agriculture and allied subjects

 

4

Indian Council for Agriculture Research (ICAR) Kolasib; Mizoram

Central Government

Agriculture, Horticulture and allied subjects

 

5

Rural – Self Employment Training Institute (RSETI) Zemabawk; Mizoram

Central Government

Carpentry, Handloom, Knitting, Embroidery, Handicraft, Shoe repair etc.

 

6

Industrial Training Institute (ITI), ITI Veng; Aizawl

State Government

Motor Mechanic, Electrician, Computer Science, Handloom & Handicraft

 

7

Farmers Training Centre, Selesih; Mizoram

State Government

Livestock farming & Management

 

8

Weaving Centre, Luangmual

State Government

Weaving & Handloom

 

 

 

INSTITUTIONAL AND CAPACITY BUILDING PLAN

NAME OF THE PROJECT :

 

SERCHHIP – III

     

Year

Sl.No

Target Group

Targeted Beneficiaries

Financial Target in lakhs

Name of institution & Activities identified

SIRD, Kolasib, ETC , Thingsulthliah

DWCDC, Serchhip & SLNA; Mizoram

Fish Farmers Training Centre, Lengpui, KVK, N.Vanlaiphai & Farmers Training Centre, Selesih

R-SETI, Zemabawk & ITI, Aizawl, Weaving Centre, Luangmual

I

1

PIA & WDT

5

0.305

Concept of IWMP

 

 

 

2

Watershed Committee

100

1.00

Concept of IWMP

 

 

 

3

SHG & UG

320

1.00

Concept of IWMP

 

 

 

4

Beneficiaries

1013

4.00

Concept of IWMP

Mobilization of Resources Management & Convergence

 

 

5

PIA, WDT & WC

105

1.00

Concept of IWMP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

II

1

Rural Artisans

43

1.00

 

Formation of SHG

 

Skill upgradation & Management of product

2

Livestock Farmers

210

2.10

 

Formation of SHG

Skill upgradation and Animal Husbandry

 

3

Gardening & Crop production

1120

2.205

 

Formation of SHG

Multiple Cropping & Crop Hunbandry

 

4

Micro Enterpreneurs & Petty Trade

81

1.00

 

Formation of SHG

 

Marketing, Skill upgradation & Skill development

5

Watershed Committee

100

1.00

Formulation of action plan

Formation of SHG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

III

1

Rural Artisans

38

1.00

Credit Linkage Resources Mobilization

Formation of UG

 

Skill upgradation & Management of product

2

Livestock Farmers

180

1.8

Credit Linkage Resources Mobilization

Formation of UG

Skill upgradation and Animal Husbandry

 

3

Gardening & Crop production

1100

2.505

Credit Linkage Resources Mobilization

Formation of UG

Multiple Cropping & Crop Hunbandry

 

4

Micro Enterpreneurs

32

1.00

Credit Linkage Resources Mobilization

Formation of UG

 

Marketing, Skill Upagradation & Skill Development

5

Petty Trade

30

1.00

Credit Linkage Resources Mobilization

Formation of UG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IV

1

Rural Artisans

27

1.00

Credit Linkage Resources Mobilization

Formation of Federation

 

Skill upgradation & Management of product

2

Livestock Farmers

150

1.50

Credit Linkage Resources Mobilization

Formation of Federation

Skill upgradation and Animal Husbandry

 

3

Gardening & Crop production

700

2.805

Credit Linkage Resources Mobilization

Formation of Federation

Multiple Cropping & Crop Hunbandry

 

4

Micro Enterpreneurs

25

1.00

Credit Linkage Resources Mobilization

Formation of Federation

 

Marketing, Skill Upagradation & Skill Development

5

Petty Trade

21

1.00

Credit Linkage Resources Mobilization

Formation of Federation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

V

1

Rural Artisans

14

0.50

Credit Linkage Resources Mobilization

 

 

Skill upgradation & Management of product

2

Livestock Farmers

42

1.00

Credit Linkage Resources Mobilization

 

Skill upgradation and Animal Husbandry

 

3

Gardening & Crop production

825

4.005

Credit Linkage Resources Mobilization

 

Multiple Cropping & Crop Hunbandry

 

4

Micro Enterpreneurs

20

0.8

Credit Linkage Resources Mobilization

 

 

Marketing, Skill Upagradation & Skill Development

5

Petty Trade

9

0.5

Credit Linkage Resources Mobilization

 

 

 

5

PIA & Watershed Committee

105

0.5

Consolidation of Project

Exit Protocol Withdrawal Mechanism

 

 

 

 

GRAND TOTAL

36.625

 

 

 

 

                 
 

*

The PIA of the Project and Watershed Committee concerned will sponsored Trainees to KVK, FTC, R-SET and ITI, Aizawl as per the rate prescribe by the institution.

                 
 

*

PIA & WC are advised to arrange training at their locality for handicapped, old aged, widows etc. by engaging trainers

                 
                 
                 
                 

BASIC PROFILE OF THE LOCATION

Location of the watershed

Name of the district

Serchhip

Name of the Mandal/Block

Serchhip R.D.Block

Name of the Gram Panchayat (s)

N.Vanlaiphai, Lungchhuan, bawktlang, Piler, Khawlailung, Chekawn, Mualcheng

Latitude

23006'24" - 23015'19"N

Elevetion from MSL

 

 

 

 

Highest elevation in the watershed (above MSL)

748

Lowest elevation in the watershed ( above MSL) - 219

Relief/Height difference (mt) - 529

 

 

INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM AND AGREEMENTS

 

District Level :           At the district level, District Watershed Cell & Data Centre (DWCDC) headed by a Project Manager has been constituted by the SLNA which will function as per the guidelines issued by Government of India. The Project Manager will be assisted by 3 to 4 Subject Matter Specialists of different discipline like agriculture, water management social Mobilization, preparation of DPR for implementation of watershed management programme in districts teatable area of more than 25, 000 ha on the basis of district perspective and strategic plan prepared by DWCDC

 

Project Level :           At the project level, the PIA is responsible for implementation of IWMP with the help of WDT members of different disciplines. The PIA will be selected by the DWCDC and will be approved by the SNLA on the basis of criteria laid down in the guidelines.

 

Micro Watershed

Level :                         At the Micro Watershed Level, respective Watershed Committees are to be constituted by Gram Sabhas/Traditional Village Councils. The Watershed Committee are directly responsible for implementation of various schemes as per DPR the Micro Watershed with technical guideline of WDT members. The Watershed Committee will take the help of SHGs of the respective Micro-Watershed while implementing the earmarked schemes

 

SWOT ANALAYSIS OF THE PIA

Strength :

  1. Dedicated and experienced staff and a multidisciplinary team.
  2. Independent and dedicated officer
  3. Strong linkages with district and local level institutions
  4. Scientific planning in watershed projects with the help of MIRSAC, Aizawl
  5. Block level monitoring, coordination & Co-operation Committee

 

Weakness :

  1. No permanent office building within the project area
  2. Project area covered too many villages
  3. Over burdened with other schemes like, MGNREGS, IAY, SGSY and Election matters
  4. No experience in watershed management.

 

Opportunities :

  1. A number of different other development schemes of the government are running; so, there can be horizontal integration and convergence of programmes.
  2. Better financial provision under IWMP
  3. Usage of new ICT tools like GIS, GPS and MIS.

 

Threats :

  1. Rainfall is difficult to predict and unreliable in the project area, the activities planned to be taken up may yield limited impact.
  2. Irregularities in fund flow can derail the smooth functioning.
  3. Lack of contribution and cooperation from local people
  4. Political intervention may hamper the progress.

 

PIA & WATERSHED COMMITTEE DETAILS, SERCHHIP – III

 

Name

Block Development Officer

 

Address

E.Lungdar R.D.Block

 

WDT Members :

Name

Veng/Khua

1

Lalthakima Pautu

Mualcheng

2

Lalthanpuii Sailo

AOC Veng, Serchhip

3

F.Lalrinsiama

New Serchhip

4

R.Zonunmawia

Durtlang North

 

WATERSHED COMMITTEES PROVISIONAL

 

WATERSHED COMMITTEE : N.Vanlaiphai

Sl.No

Representatives

Designation

1

President

Villages Council

2

Members

Village Council

3

President

YMA

4

President

MHIP

5

President

MUP

WATERSHED COMMITTEE : Lungchhuan

Sl.No

Representatives

Designation

1

President

Villages Council

2

Members

Village Council

3

President

YMA

4

President

MHIP

5

President

MUP

WATERSHED COMMITTEE : Bawktlang

Sl.No

Representatives

Designation

1

President

Villages Council

2

Members

Village Council

3

President

YMA

4

President

MHIP

5

President

MUP

 

WATERSHED COMMITTEE : Piler

Sl.No

Representatives

Designation

1

President

Villages Council

2

Members

Village Council

3

President

YMA

4

President

MHIP

5

President

MUP

WATERSHED COMMITTEE : Khawlailung

Sl.No

Representatives

Designation

1

President

Villages Council

2

Members

Village Council

3

President

YMA

4

President

MHIP

5

President

MUP

WATERSHED COMMITTEE : Chekawn

Sl.No

Representatives

Designation

1

President

Villages Council

2

Members

Village Council

3

President

YMA

4

President

MHIP

5

President

MUP

WATERSHED COMMITTEE : Mualcheng

Sl.No

Representatives

Designation

1

President

Villages Council

2

Members

Village Council

3

President

YMA

4

President

MHIP

5

President

MUP

 

CONVERGENCE PLAN OF IWMP WITH OTHER SCHEMES

1

2

3

4

5

 

6

7

Sl.

No

Name of the Village

Names of Departments with Schemes converging with IWMP

Funds to be made available to IWMP due to convergence (Rs. In lakhs)

Was this fund included in Rs 15,000 per ha

Name of activity/task/structure to be undertaken with converged funds

Level at which decision for convergence was taken$

Yes

No

1

N.Vanlaiphai

Lungchhuan

Bawktlang

Piler

Khawlailung

Chekawn

Mualcheng

MGNREGA

Fund will be ear marked for this purpose during formulation of AAP under MGNREGA

 

No

Connectivity to Potential Area

V/C

SGSY/NRLM and MKSP

SHG under SGSY will be identified, nuder IWMp

 

No

Existing activity will be enhanced with the project fund, SGSY, NRLM and MKSP fund

Block/Village Level

NLUP

WDF & User charges, Collection Centre, Selection of Crops

 

No

  1. Since, the objective of NLUP and IWMP are the same, convergence of the two programmes relating to financial assitance will be as follows.
  1. The Unit Cost or assistance per beneficiary under NLUP will be Rs. 1,00,000 approximately.
  2. Unit Cost or assistance per beneficiary under the IWMP is Rs. 10950
  3. Beneficiary under IWMP who received one unit of assistance i.e Rs, 10950 will be assisted with Rs. 89050 under NLUP and those who received two unit cost of Rs. 21900 under IWMP will get 78100 from NLUP. If the beneficiaries under IWMP receive three or more unit cost, the assistance under NLUP will decreases gradually.

 

 

NLUP Implementing Board &SLNA

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Beneficiaries of NLUP having land in the selected Watershed area will be allowed to enjoy the facilities provided under NLUP. However, to enjoy this provision, necessary contribution as WDF and user charges should be contributed bu NLUP beneficiaries
  2. Provisions provided under NLUP such as collection centres of local produces, etc. will be share by beneficiaries under IWMP if the local NLUP Committee agreed to.
  3. As far as practicable, the beneficiaries under IWMP will be encouraged to select crops introduced under NLUP to ensure one crop-one village theme.

Watershed Committee level & Village Level

 

EXPECTED OUTCOMES

 

Expected Outcomes

                        Till today, agriculture in Mizoram has been characterized mainly by Jhuming cultivation, unproductive methods of farming, degradation of land  due to slash-and burn practices and wasteful use of land and water. In short, it can be said that agricultural production in the state of Mizoram is very low due to improper management of land and water received by it. With proper training and sensitization efforts under IWMP, it is expected that the community will slowly but surely be persuaded to adopt permanent farming as a viable, sustainable and more profitable alternative to the shifting method of farming. Further, with the implementation of the programme, a significant amount of the run-off rain water will be harvested and utilized to irrigate cultivated land during the dry season and more areas will be brought under multiple cropping to optimize the usage of cultivable land. Although it may be presumptous to predict a definite figure of growth in production, it is expected that an average increase of up to 10% in agricultural production will be possible if the watershed projects are successfully implemented.

 

                        The major outcomes expected are :-

  1. More natural sources of water lying untapped wil be exploited and harnessed for drinking purposes. Also a number of traditional water bodies which are lying in a state of disrepair will be repaired and revived for use by the community.
  2. Rain water which normally runs off during the monsoons will be harvested in reserviors and used for irrigation during part of the dry season.
  3. Underutilized, unutilized and ill-utilized natural resources will be efficiently utilized for need based production system to enhance productivity and prosperity in rain fed areas. Over 56% of activities in IWMP will be related to improvement of soil conservation measures, rain water harvesting programmes for all round livelihood improvement of these projects areas and identify the potential areas during the participatory rural appraisal exercise.
  4. 100% involvement of Gram Panchayats will be a direct and immediate outcome, which, in turn, is expected to translate into a larger community participation in Watershed Management projects, as well as the creation and maintenance of community assets.
  5. Cultivation of high value horticulture crops, such as mushrooms, bird eye chillies, turmeric, ginger, brocoli etc will be encouraged so as to improve the livelihood farmers of the project areas.
  6. Increase in the production of floricultural plants such as anthurium, roses, lilium and chrysanthemum which have been explored at an experimental level and found to have tremendous commercial potential in the state.
  7. Revival of existing SHGs formed under SGSY and increasing their income potential under the programme will be thrust area within the project areas.
  8. Professionalisation of Skills through capacity building.
  9. Rejuvenation of forest and improvement of ecological balance.
  10. Reduction in rural-urban migration as a result of permanent farming in rural areas.
  11. Better marketing opportunities through the village haats set up under SGSY.

 

Overall, these efforts will result in enhancing growth, farm income. Generated employment avenues and reduced poverty of the rural poor and improved productivity of natural resources will have a cascading effect on livelihood and the state’s economy as a whole.

 

EXPECTED/ESTIMATED OUTCOMES

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Sl/No

Name of the project

Item

Unit of measurement

Pre-project Status

Expected Post-Projects Status

Remarks

1

Serchhip – III

Status of Water Table

Metre

Depletion during dry season

Recharge through afforestation and treatment under IWMP

 

 

Ground Water Structure repaired/rejuvenated

-

 

59

 

 

Quality of Drinking Water

-

Impure during rainy season

Pure after Project intervention

 

 

Availability of drinking water

 

Scarce

Sufficient

 

 

Increase in irrigation potential

Ha

No irrigation facilities

200 Ha will be irrigated by tapping streams

 

 

Change in cropping/land use

 

Jhumming & Single cropping

Permanent farming & double/multiple cropping

 

 

Area under agriculture crop

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Area under single crop

Ha

5000

1700

 

 

  1. Area under double crop

Ha

250

2355

 

 

  1. Area under multiple crop

Ha

150

1204

 

 

Net increase in crop production area

Ha

1000

5260

 

 

Increase  in area under vegetation

Ha

12800

42000

 

 

Increase  in area under horticulture

Ha

10412

13499

 

 

Increase  in area under fuel & folder

Ha

7513

7371

 

 

Increase  in milk production

Ltr/animal/day

1.5 – 2.5

3.5 – 4.5

 

 

No. of SHGs

Nos

5

28

 

 

Increase in no. of livelihoods

Families

126

440

 

 

Increase in income

Per head. p.a

21000

42000

 

 

Migration

Persons/Year

10

-

 

 

SHG Federations formed

No

-

3

 

 

Credit linkage with Banks

No

-

28

 

 

Resource use agreements

No

-

10

 

 

WDF collection & management

Rupees

-

766500

 

 

Summary of lessons learnt

Mass participation in Government programmes ensured success

 

MONITORING AND EVALUATION

 

Monitoring and Evaluation (M & E)

            Monitoring and evaluation are two different management tools that are closely related, interactive and mutually supportive. Monitoring and evaluation enable us to assess the quality and impact of our works against our action plan and our strtegic plan.

 

Goals of monitoring :

  1. Operational control
  2. Quick feedback on project effectiveness
  3. Timely alarm signals in the case of significantdeviations
  4. Ensuring full benefits to the target groups
  5. Providing inputs for better design of development interventions, project planning and community mobilization

Evaluation is the comparison of actual project impacts against the agreed strategic plans.

Goals of evaluation :

  1. To assess the impact of the programmes and identify bottlenecks in implementation
  2. To improve effectiveness of policies and programmes. At the District level, the DWCDC will have one member exclusively responsible.

For effective monitoring, the role of the SLNA is critical in ensuring the following :-

  1. Internal monitoring by project teams (PIA/DWDC)
  2. Progress monitoring
  3. GIS/Web based on line monitoring
  4. Self monitoring by committees
  5. Sustainability monitoring
  6. Social audits.

 

There will be a panel of evaluators approved by the SLNA. The evaluators will oversee the

physical, financial and social impact of the work done. They should not act as inspectors but as facilitators. However, they will very strict in ensuring that guidelines are being follwed. Fund release will depend upon on a favourable report from the evaluators.

                        Social audits will form an important component of the evaluation system. Social audits will be held once every six months. The minutes of the Social Audits will be compiled by the District Watershed Cell & Data Centre and necessary action will be taken by the District Watershed Cell & Data Centre and will also be forwarded to the SLNA. The SLNA will hold an assessment meeting subsequent to the submission of every such report and decide the follow up action that is required to be taken.

 

PLAN AND ESTIMATE FOR VARIOUS ACTIVITIES

           

ESTIMATE FOR CONSTRUCTION OF LOW COST DUG OUT POND

 

1/  2.03 Earthwork in excavation exclusive of compensation of earth in –

b)   Hard soil

                  ½ x 2.80 x 2.80 x 2.78            =          9.73 cum

                         2.50 x 1.80 x 0.90            =          4.05 cum

                                          TOTAL           =          Rs. 13.78 cum

@ Rs. 75.51/cum                    =          Rs 1040.52

 

2/ 4.02 providing and laying  cement concrete 1:2:4 etc

  1. All works upto foundation and plinth level

 2.60 x 1.80 x 0.15                  =          0.702 cum

@ Rs. 4270.23                                    =          Rs. 2997.70

 

 body       3/  6.01 half brick masonry with first class brick above and ground level etc.

            (a) In cement mortar 1:3

                        2 x 2.50 x 1.20                        =          6.00 sqm

                        2 x 1.80 x 1.20                        =          4.32 sqm

                                                TOTAL           =          10.32 sqm

 

@ Rs. 567.99/ sqm                  =          Rs. 5861.65

 

4/ 18.09 12 mm cement plaster                

            2 x 2.50 x 1.20                        =          6.00 sqm cum

            2 x 1.80 x 1.20                        =          4.32 cum

                                    TOTAL           =          10.32sqm

@ Rs. 129.80                          =          Rs. 1339.53

 

 

GRAND TOTAL                  =          Rs. 11239.40

SAY                                        =          Rs. 11250.00

 

( Rupees eleven thousand two hundred fifty) only.

 

                        ESTIMATE FOR CONSTRUCTION OF PIG STY

 

1/ 2.08 Earthwork in excavation in foundation trenches etc.

b) Hard Soil

            ½  x 2.40 x 0.28 x 3.60           =          3.24 cum

            6 x 0.30 x 0.30 x 0.90             =          0.486 cum

                                    TOTAL           =          3.72 cum

 

            @ Rs. 147.24/cum                  =          Rs. 547.73 cum

 

2/ 8.02 supplying and fixing 2nd class straight jungle heat wood round posts and fix in position etc.

            6 x 1.50                                   =          9.00 Rm

            @ Rs. 199.44/Rm                   =          Rs. 1794.96

 

3/ 8.04 providing 2nd class wood work dressed in frames of sill, upright, batten, post, beams etc. as structural members fixed in position complete.

 

            6 x 0.10 x 0.075 x 1.50           =          0.0675 cum

            4 x 0.075 x 0.050 x 3.60         =          0.054 cum

            6 x 0.075 x 0.050 x 2.40         =          0.054 cum

            5 x 0.075 x 0.050 x 2.40         =          0.078 cum

            20 x 0.050 x 0.050 x 3.60       =          0.18 cum

            8 x 0.050 x 0.050 x 2.40         =          0.048 cum

 

                                    TOTAL           =          0.4815 cum

            @ Rs. 9885.78/cum                =          Rs. 4760.00

 

4/ 14.01 providing CGS sheet roofing fixed with hooks, bolts, nut etc.

  1. 0.63 mm thick with zinc coating.

 

                  4.50 x 3.20                              =          14.40 sqm

                  @ Rs. 287.91                          =          Rs. 4145.90

 

 

 

            GRAND TOTAL                  =          Rs. 11248.59

            SAY                                        =          Rs. 11250.00

 

            ( Rupees eleven thousand two hundred fifty) only.

 

ESTIMATE FOR CONSTRUCTION OF INDIVIDUAL WATER TANK

 

1/  2.03 Earthwork in excavation exclusive of compensation of earth in –

b)   Hard soil

                  ½ x 3.935 x 2.50 x 2.80          =          13.77 cum

                 

     

@ Rs. 75.51/cum                    =          Rs 1039.77

 

2/ 4.02 providing and laying  cement concrete 1:2:4 etc

  1. All works upto foundation and plinth level

 2.60 x 1.80 x 0.15                  =          0.702 cum

 

@ Rs. 4270.23                                    =          Rs. 2997.70

 

        3/  6.01 half brick masonry with first class brick above and ground level etc.

            (a) In cement mortar 1:3

                        2 x 2.50 x 1.20                        =          6.00 sqm

                        2 x 1.80 x 1.20                        =          4.32 sqm

                                                TOTAL           =          10.32 sqm

 

@ Rs. 567.99/ sqm                  =          Rs. 5861.65

 

4/ 18.09 12 mm cement plaster                

            2 x 2.50 x 1.20                        =          6.00 sqm cum

            2 x 1.80 x 1.20                        =          4.32 cum

                                    TOTAL           =          10.32sqm

@ Rs. 129.80                          =          Rs. 1339.53

 

 

GRAND TOTAL                  =          Rs. 11238.66

            SAY                            =          Rs. 11250.00

 

( Rupees eleven thousand two hundred fifty) only.

 

 

Watershed Development Contribution

 

(10% of Assistance received)

Date

Amount WDF Contributed

Account in which credited

Signature of Chairman W.E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Card No. ______

 

DISTRICT RURAL DEVELOPMENT AGENCY

____________________ DISTRICT

                                BENEFICIARY CARD

 

IWMP ____________ PROJECT _________

 

  1. Name of Beneficiary ________________S/o,D/o_____________
  2. Whether the family registered and benefited under MGNREGA Yes/No
  3. Whether a member of SHG Yes/No
  4. If yes, Name of SHG _________________Group No___________
  5. Any other financial assistance received Yes/No
  6. If Yes, Name of scheme __________ Amount Received ____________
  7. Village ______________________________________
  8. Location of worksite/Garden ____________________________________________

 

TRAININGS/CAPACITY BUILDINGS

Date

Subject

Duration

Venue/Institution

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Detail of Activities

 

Date of Training

No. & Kinds / Seedings received

Kinds / Seedings planted

Materials received

Financial Assistance received with Date & Purpose

Signature of Beneficiary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                               

Detail of Activities

 

Date of Training

No. & Kinds / Seedings received

Kinds / Seedings planted

Materials received

Financial Assistance received with Date & Purpose

Signature of Beneficiary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WATERSHED COMMITTEE UNDER IWMP SERCHHIP-III

 

LOWER TUICHANG –X, KHAWLAILUNG

 

Chairman    : CD Lalchhanhima

Secretary    : JN Laltlankima

 

Committee Member :-    Khawlliana

                                      K.Vanrengpuia

                                      David Lalhlupuia

                                      Lalhmangaihthanga

                                      Khuangziki

                                      Kapkima

                                      Bawichhuaka

                                      Lalthakiama Pautu, WDT

 

LOWER TUICHANG –IX, PILER

 

Chairman    : Lalringliana

Secretary    : Pc Lalbuatsaiha

 

Committee Member :-    H.Buanghmingthanga

                                      Hrangbuanga

                                      Vanlalhruaitluangi

                                      C.Dawngkima

                                      Neihkunga

                                      Kaphmingthanga

                                      Lalthlamuana

                                      Lalthakiama Pautu, WDT

 

LOWER TUICHANG –XI, CHEKAWN

 

Chairman    : Lalbiakmawia

Secretary    : Lalnundika

 

Committee Member :-    Lianremthangi

                                      Sangawia

                                      Lalremruata

                                      K.Malsawmkima

                                      Vanlalnunthiama

                                      Kapkima

                                      Lalthannghaka

                                      R.Zonunmawia, WDT

 

 

 

UPPER TUICHANG –I, MUALCHENG

 

Chairman    : H.Lalsangliana

Secretary    : Vl Sawmliana

 

Committee Member :-    Lalthansangi

                                      Fangzauva

                                      K.Denghmingthanga

                                      Zodinpuia

                                      Lalhmunsanga

                                      Lalpianmawia

                                      Lalrengpuia Kawlni

                                      R.Zonunmawia, WDT

 

LOWER TUICHANG –VII, LUNGCHHUAN

 

Chairman    :  C.Lalvena

Secretary    : Lalbeiseia

 

Committee Member :-    Lalhmunsiami

                                      R.Lalsawma

                                      R.Lalvunga

                                      T.Parlawma

                                      R.Lalsangliana

                                      Lalthannghaka

                                      R.Laldampuia

                                      R.Zonunmawia, WDT

 

LOWER TUICHANG –V & VI, N.VANLAIPHAI

 

Chairman    : Lalhmingsanga

Secretary    : Joseph Laldanmawia

 

Committee Member :-    J.Chenhranga

                                      C.Lalhlimpuia

                                      R.Vanlalvawna

                                      H.Ralkhuma

                                      F.Nghinglova

                                      Zoramthanga

                                      Roneihkima

                                      Lalchhandama

                                      Lalramsiami

                                      TC Zoremmawia

                                      RLT Muanzuala

                                      F.Lalrinsiama, WDT

 

LOWER TUICHANG –VIII, BAWKTLANG

 

Chairman    : RL Vuana

Secretary    : Vanlaldika

 

Committee Member :-    Huliana

                                      Lalfamkima

                                      Hmangaihtluanga

                                      C.Lalhawngliana

                                      R.Lalparthanga

                                      R.Kapthuama

                                      VL Vuana

                                      Ramngaihsangi

                                      H.Zaikhuma

                                      Hmangaihzuava

                                      F.Lalrinsiama, WDT

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